The Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) is the primary foreign intelligence agency of India . RAW was created after the Sino-Indian War of 1962 and Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. At that time both domestic and foreign intelligence was handled by the Intelligence Bureau i.e. CBI. This convinced the Government of India that a specialised, independent agency was required for foreign intelligence gathering .Thus, RAW was formed in September 1968 under the guidance of its first Director, Rameshwar Nath Kao.
Here are some lesser known military operations of India’s external intelligence agency RAW:
1. KARGIL WAR
RAW was successful in tapping a telephonic conversation between the then Pakistan army chief General Pervez Musharraf, who was in Beijing, and his chief of staff Lt. Gen. Mohammed Aziz in Islamabad.This tape was later published by India to prove Pakistani involvement in the Kargil incursion. However, RAW was criticized for not providing accurate information about the Pakistani armed intrusion that resulted in the 10 week long battle and deaths of thousands of soldiers.
2. OPERATION MEGHDOOT
RAW received information about the Pakistani armed intrusion that would take place in Siachen Glacier. That information was shared with Indian Army which soon launched Operation Meghdoot to take control of Siachen Glacier. Around 300 acclimatised troops were airlifted to Siachen before Pakistan could launch any operation there, resulting in India’s head start and eventual Indian domination of all major peaks in Siachen.
3. Ravinder Kaushik, The Indian RAW Agent Who Served As A Major In The Pakistan Army
Ravinder Kaushik was born in Sri Ganganagar, Rajasthan in 1952 to a Punjabi family. He was just a teenager who loved performing in theater when he was spotted by India’s external intelligence agency, RAW. When he was sent to Pakistan in 1975, all his records in India were destroyed and he was given a new identity of Nabi Ahmed Shakir. Nabi Ahmed then started his LLB in Karachi University to create a perfect back story and join the Pakistan army. He was made commissioner in the Pakistan Army and was soon promoted to the rank of Major. From 1979 to 1983 he passed critical information to the Indian defense forces which were of great help. Because of the valuable information sent by Nabi Ahmed he became famous as ‘The Black Tiger’ in Indian defence circles, a name conferred by the then prime minister Indira Gandhi herself.