Centre plans AI-backed database to unravel similar crimes faster, prevent them
The routine Bureau (MOB), the database, will have over 100 routine or trademark of criminals/accused persons involved in crimes till date.
The Centre is developing a man-made Intelligence (AI) and tongue Processing (NLP)-based database of routine various criminal gangs or individuals use to commit crimes to assist police solve such cases faster also as help them study the new methods adopted by criminals.
The routine Bureau (MOB), the database, will have over 100 routine or trademark of criminals/accused persons involved in crimes till date. it’ll be updated from time to time counting on new crimes, people conversant in the matter said.
The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) is developing the database under the Union home ministry’s supervision. it’ll be accessible to all or any 16,000 odd police stations across the country through Crime and Criminals Tracking Network Systems (CCTNS).
“The criminals keep innovating on regular basis and adopt newer routine . The list of routine can never be exhaustive, but continues to become bigger and maybe unwieldy. The police investigations will have technological solutions now where with the assistance of AI and NLP, they’re going to be ready to read the text within the FIRs [first information reports] of an outsized number of cases stored within the CCTNS system and categorize cases as per keywords associated with routine ,” said a ministry official, requesting anonymity.
NCRB is additionally performing on voice analysis to spot the criminals issuing threats/ransom calls over the phone. A database of voice samples of arrested criminals is being created within the CCTNS for that, said a second official.
The second official added the MOB takes care of who the criminal could also be and who committed a specific crime. “But another aspect deals with the psychology of criminals and why the offender committed the crime and did what he did.”
The second official mentioned the November 2019 rape and murder of a Hyderabad woman and added why did the accused burn her body which too during a particular way. “And whether or not they would repeat the crime, had they not been shot dead? This relates to research with the assistance of psychologists supported interviews, family profile, socio-economic factors then on that the Bureau of Police Research and Development is currently engaged.”
Police across states can read routine and avert incidents, as an example , if there’s a serial murderer on the loose.
The first official said the routine module will produce quality results as long as police stations are careful and regular in feeding the FIRs and criminal data into the CCTNS.
An Indian Police Service officer, who didn’t want to be named, said traditionally, when computers weren’t in much use, details of every criminal wont to be kept on cards, which were stored routine wise. “Searching those cards for locating involvement of a possible criminal wont to be manual and therefore the investigating officers would visit local routine bureau at the state level for relevant research. These MOBs were normally kept at district or state levels. With national digital MOB, a politician can check everything on his desktop or laptop.”